CBD GUIDE : WHAT IS CBD? CBD EXTRACTION METHODS. HOW DOES CBD WORK?

What is CBD? How is CBD extracted from hemp? Why do people use it? How CBD affects to humans’ body? Are there different types of CBD? 

We will try to give you answers to all these questions, as the more you know, the better experience you will get.

CBD products are appearing in health food shops and pharmacies all over the world. There' been an explosion in popularity in recent years; Possibly down to more media coverage on topics, or perhaps a general change of views towards cannabis and ongoing research.

What is CBD?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is one of the many identified cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. It is non-psychoactive, which means that it doesn't affect the mind, but there are a plethora of positive effects on the bodies of humans and animals all over the world. The cannabinoid that does affect your mind, like being high, for example, is THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). THC is often illegal in many countries due to its psychoactive properties, which can often influence judgment, decision making, and motivation.

Most if not all, CBD products in the UK contain less than 0.2% THC, meaning that these products will keep your mind untouched.

There is a vast range of CBD infused products available in the UK that give you your daily dose. Starting from CBD for oral use and finishing with topicals: Including CBD lip balm, CBD bath bombs, and CBD infused drinks. Those who look after their skin use CBD topicals and a lot of people report that it helps with improving skin. People with muscular issues find that CBD pain relief rub helps them ease their joints and relax their muscles...in the most natural way!

CBD is usually used by people who want to manage the effects of conditions such as PTSD, epilepsy, arthritis, anxiety and chronic pain to name just a few, which leads us to the next topic.

 What are the CBD benefits?

CBD can be useful for periodic use (with sudden stress or before a responsible event). Still, it is best to use tinctures systematically since it is a natural product and has the property of accumulation.

It's known to improve your mood, relieve muscle tension, reduce seizure frequency in people with epilepsy, and help relieve symptoms of IBS, to name just a few. People use CBD pain relief products and CBD topicals like muscle rubs for bad backs, arthritis pain, and joint pain. Users report less pain, less tightness in muscles and less inflammation.

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) and how does it interact with CBD.

The human body's built-in endocannabinoid system (ECS) works to keep the body in its balanced state of homeostasis. Each endocannabinoid works differently. But in general, the endocannabinoid system performs different functions specific to each area of the body. For example, if you pull a muscle in your leg, the ECS has been known to help regulate immune cells to limit inflammation in that area. 

Each cannabinoid exhibits a different effect on the body and mind. Some are noticeable, some not. Many effects sit behind the scenes but play an essential role in our body's ECS.

Cannabinoid receptors are all over our bodies, oddly enough, a lot of them being in our eyes. Most of our CB(1) receptors are in several brain regions, with lower amounts in a more widespread fashion over the rest of our body. These receptors mediate many of the psychoactive effects of cannabinoids. CB(2) receptors found more within our immune system and gastrointestinal system. They have a more limited ability to distribute their influences, being found in a smaller number of immune cells and a few neurons.

Inlay terms, think of the ECS as a secondary immune system; Absorbing these cannabinoids and terpenoids and using them to reduce inflammation, relax muscles and minds, and maintaining a balance of conditions in the body. Its believed that CBD stimulates the endocannabinoid system or if the functioning of your body as a whole is impaired.

The Entourage Effect and Terpenes.

Every plant has a smell, and if you eat it, a flavour too. Due to the plant's terpenes, they secreted out of branches, leaves, and flowers. The plant's defence system, where the terpenes aim is to repel pests and attract insects that eat the pests it tries to resist, just in case.  

Clever huh? In a lemon tree, the predominant terpene is Limonene. That citrusy sweet yet the sour smell is very similar to the scents of certain strains of cannabis, such as Lemon Haze and Gelato. Lavender's primary terpene is Linalool, and in pine tree's the terpene is Pinene. These terpenes used in aromatherapy, so they already seem to have healing properties.

Cannabis is known for its unique and pungent smell (thanks terpenes!), and this has a significant role to play in how marijuana affects the body and mind. Cannabinoids are very active in summary with terpenes. This complex gives the famous "Entourage effect" on the human's body. In the case of CBD isolate (isolated 98 - 99.99% pure CBD) for example, terpenes in the complex are absent.

What is CBG, and what are the CBG benefits?

CBG Cannabigerol (CBG) is another cannabinoid, but this one is a little different because it acts as a precursor to other significant and more desirable cannabinoids; Meaning that all of the other and counting cannabinoids are all in existence because of CBG.

During the plant's lifespan, particular enzymes in the plant break CBGA down and direct it towards the birth of other cannabinoids. Think of it as a stem cell for Mother Nature and Mary Jane's synthesis partnership.

CBG is known to act on specific physiological systems. For example; Eyes are abundant with endocannabinoid receptors. CBG thought to be effective in reducing intraocular pressure- It naturally opens blood vessels and has neuroprotective effects, meaning it could reduce the rate of neuronal loss over time.

It may also increase appetite. In some studies, rats became increasingly hungry after consuming this cannabinoid, which is unusual, considering CBD doesn't do this.

How is CBD extracted from the cannabis plant?

There are many ways of extracting CBD from hemp plants. However, there are three standard CBD extraction methods used today. The typical starting point for most CBD extracts is the Hempfield farms. Tons and tons of hemp plants are harvested and processed for their CBD. Let's have a look at the most popular ways:

  • Liquid solvent extraction. This involves using a liquid solvent such as alcohol or butane to extract cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis and hemp flowers. Solutions are significant at dissolving molecules and are incredibly efficient at dissolving cannabinoids. What makes a solvent extract unique is that the solution evaporates after the desired particles after the extraction process. The idea is to cook off the solution (yes, cooking a flammable liquid!) so you have only what you need - Cannabinoids, not plant and leaf matter. Rick Simpson, who advocated for this method, has shown the world how easy it is to create this extract. But do not try this at home, it can be incredibly dangerous when heating the cannabinoid-rich solvent liquid.
  • Oil extraction This method involves extracting CBD and terpenes using natural plant oils as a solvent. Natural oils are very effective at removing cannabinoids from plant material because these compounds are lipophilic, meaning they are absorbed well by fat. However, as this is a more gentle method of extraction, it can take longer to process and requires more labour hours.
  • CBD CO₂ extraction is exceptionally efficient at extracting cannabinoids, terpenes. It's able to pass through the smallest nooks and crannies of the plant matter because of its gas-like properties and dissolves constituents via its liquid features. But like with most things in life that are efficient, this advanced technique comes at a price. CO₂ extraction is the most financially challenging option.

What is Full-spectrum CBD?

As the name suggests, this is the extract from the entire plant, all oils, terpenes, and cannabinoids - Including THC, but the levels of THC are usually very low, some say almost undetectable. Any CBD product sold in the UK has to contain less than 0.2% THC.

Full-spectrum CBD oils have been known to be beneficial for those suffering from PTSD, anxiety, and depression thanks to the small amounts of THC found.

What is a Broad-Spectrum CBD?

It sounds a lot like full-spectrum CBD, and it is because it contains all of the cannabinoids and terpenes found in the cannabis plant, all apart from THC. Broad-spectrum products are a popular option for a lot of countries that have prohibitions on THC. Because there are a lot fewer legal issues that manufacturers could encounter, it is safe, legal, and productive thanks to the aforementioned entourage effect.

 What is CBD Isolate?

As the name suggests, this is isolated CBD, usually around 99.99% pure. All other cannabinoids and terpenes are ignored during the extraction process. CBD isolate in the UK is very popular, mainly because it can be combined with terpenes and other cannabinoids later on, such as terpene infused e-liquid, creams, and oils. When consuming this by itself, the CBD isolate effects are somewhat limited, mainly because the cannabinoid favours the assistance of other cannabinoids and terpenes to create the impact within our bodies.

Which type of CBD will help me?

More chronic health issues respond better to full-spectrum extracts because of the availability of all cannabinoids for our bodies to use up, especially for those that are housebound and don't need to worry about driving or working under the influence of a minimal amount of THC. Broad-spectrum products are great for everyone because it contains everything your ECS needs for balanced homeostasis, and your body doesn't necessarily need THC to achieve that.

CBD isolate, as mentioned, is excellent to use when creating CBD beauty and healthy skin products.

Patch Adams CBD products contain all types of CBD extracts which means that your body will gladly accept all the benefits of CBD. Multivitamin Oil Drops and CBD gummies contain a full-spectrum CBD and retain all the beneficial properties of the plant. It contains less than the UK legal limit of THC, so you can be sure that your experience will be as best as possible.

 

Our balms and rubbing contain the highest quality CBD isolate to better interact with your skin.

Contact us, We are always glad to help you and give advice on your questions!